In order to better understand the redevlopment process it is important
to know and understand some key concepts associated with redevelopment.
Smart Growth is a movement that is focused on reducing
urban sprawls proponents are typically active at the local level,
getting involved in the planning and zoning processes. Brownfield
redevelopment projects are generally supported by smart growth advocates
because reuse of existing properties prevents additional greenfield
development and thus reduces sprawl.
New Urbanist developments feature smaller, more densely
arranged housing designed to foster a sense of community within
a lager urban environment. There is typically a mix of apartments,
townhouses, and stand-alone houses in a design that is pedestrian
friendly, linked by transit, and set in a larger open space framework.
The architecture is often designed on older housing forms. Streets
and roads are usually small and may discourage rather than promote
vehicle flow. Brownfield sites have been among the most successful
locations for new urbanist approaches.
Clean-up and redevelopment of brownfield sites is an important
objection many communities, but is often viewed as only part of
a larger set of quality-of-life issues. Other objectives
may include the use, aesthetics and environmental impacts of surrounding
areas, availability of jobs, recreation and entertainment opportunities,
and many other features that residents desire in their neighborhoods.
These issues are often addressed by insuring the involvement of
residents in the planning process for redevelopment projects.
Sustainable development is a growing movement that
has gained national attention with the creation of the President's
Council on Sustainable Development. This approach links environmental
protection, economic growth, and community goals. It represents
a shift from command-and-control regulation to collaboration. Sustainability
encourages livable communities, protects vital resource land, reverses
unsustainable transportation trends, conserves energy and non-renewable
resources by reduce urban sprawl.
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